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For many people in the world, travel to India is a difficult choice to make as there is a lot of negativity that surrounds India and is sufficiently strong enough dissuade many from travelling to India.
But what to do? India has the Taj Mahal, one of the seven wonders of the world. To see that, one has to come to India.
Now, much has been written about the Taj Mahal, its history and the reason of its coming into existence.
Briefly, Taj Mahal was built by a very rich Emperor as a memorial to his most loved wife. Here, we shall discuss a little more about his wife Mumtaz Mahal, about whom much is not very well known.
Nearly 22 years and most of the imperial treasury were spent in the construction of this grand monument. It is ironical that Mumtaz Mahal, for whom this memorial is built actually died in the Deccan plateau of India.
Agra can be easily described as a city created by kings. The whole of Mogul lineage has ruled from Agra and have left their own individualistic impressions which have been countlessly told in many tales.
In our Delhi Agra tour package, you shall visit the following monuments:
Shah Jahan, when he was born, was named Khurram. Likewise Mumtaz Mahal was named as Arjumand Bano Begum. When Khurram was 16 years age, in the summer of 1607, he was betrothed to Mumtaz Mahal.
While the betrothal was at an early age for both of them, it was nearly 5 years later that they were married to each other - quite unusual of those times. Mumtaz Mahal was his second wife, and he had more wives after her.
But he loved Mumtaz Mahal the most. Not only was she is playmate, but she was his confidant, his advisor and had substantial influence in the administration of the Empire.
Mumtaz gave 14 children to Shah Jahan-six daughters and eight sons. This is a child every 16 months on an average of the 19 years spent together as husband and wife.
It was while giving birth to the 14th child, Mumtaz died. Nearly half of her children could manage to survive, a very good ratio for those mediaeval times.
For all practical purposes, history suggests that Shah Jahan was in principle fidel to his wife. After the death of Mumtaz Mahal, the hair of Shah Jahan turned grey overnight. Shah Jahan had an habit of getting grey hairs plucked out of his beard, which was topped after the death of Mumtaz Mahal. Mumtaz Mahal died at the age of 38 years.
It is after her death that Shah Jahan became promiscuous.
Building the Taj Mahal was a challenge in itself. Instead of having the traditional bamboo scaffolding, a solid brick scaffolding was built. Three acres of land was excavated, to reduce seepage it was filled with dirt and raised nearly 50 meters above the riverside.
To fetch the heavy stones, a ramp of 15 km in length was built. Cracks appeared in Taj Mahal in a short span after the construction was over and repaired immediately when Jahangir brought it to the Emperor Shah Jahan's notice.