It is a very popular tourist destination, especially amongst the North Indians. Called Simla by the British, it is named after goddess Shyamala Devi, a form of Kali goddess. About 7,000 ft. altitude, Shimla is surrounded by forests of oak, rhododendron and pine. It's British period buildings add to the
quaint charm. From just the temple for the goddess to a few hundred cottages within 10 years, Shimla did see rapid growth brought in by the British. Sir John Lawrence, Viceroy of India 1864–1869, moved his administration twice a year between Shimla and Calcutta thus establishing the tradition of summer capital. The two bazaars, (the "Upper Bazaar") and Lower Bazaars are fascinating to visit. The high officials of British Govt. such as the Commander in Chief, patronised Shimla. They were joined the wives and daughters of men who remained in plains. This gave birth to Simla Society, the closest British India came to having an upper crest. Many
bachelors and unattached men frequented this very expensive destination with limited accommodation giving rise to gossip about adultery and intrigue. The Kalka Shimla rail link was built in 1906. It had 806 bridges, 103 tunnels was an engineering feat and was known as 'British Jewel of the Orient'. Now it is a UNESCO world heritage site. Places of interest
Municipal Corporation (Town Hall), Shimla
Mall Road, shopping market in Shimla The Ridge, Shimla Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla The Mall: The main part of Shimla where shopping and promenade happens. Christ Church: Second oldest church in Northern India. Jakhu Hill: Beautiful view from here, steep climb, Hanuman temple on top with lot's of monkeys. Shimla State Museum Summer Hill Annandale: Developed as the playground of Shimla, Annandale is 2–4 km from the Ridge at a height of 6,117 ft. It is a favourite spot for cricket, picnics and polo. Tara Devi: 11 km from the Shimla bus-stand. Tara Devi hill has a temple dedicated to the goddess of stars on top of the hill. There is a military Dairy Town here as well as the headquarters of Bharat Scouts and Guides.
Sankat Mochan: A Lord Hanuman temple is located here. Junga: Junga is a Tehsi 26 km from Shimla and is a former royal retreat of the princely state of Junga Mashobra: 13 km from Shimla. Kufri: 16 km from Shimla at a height of 8,600 ft, Kufri is the winter sports capital and also has a small zoo. Chharabra: 13 km from Shimla on route to Kufri. Naldehra: 22 km from Shimla, with a nine-hole Naldehra Golf Club.. Chail: Chail was the summer capital of the Maharaja of Patiala before Independence, known for its cricket pitch, the highest in the world. Arki: (46 km) is the site of an 18th century fort built when Arki was the capital of the erstwhile hill state of Baghal Tatapani: Location of sulphur springs which are found near the Tatapani mandir(holy temple) Sanjauli: The main suburb of Shimla. A 108 feet (33 metre) statue of Lord Hanuman, a Hindu deity, at 8,500 feet (2,591 metres) above sea level, is the highest statue in the world, overtaking the Christ Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.